OPTIMUM FOR THE OHIO GRADUATION TEST DEMOS
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Math - Number & Operations
A stock valued at $50 a share at the start of Monday had a 12% increase in value by the end of the day. On Tuesday, the same stock showed a 5% decrease in value by the end of the day. What was the value of the stock at the end of the day on Tuesday?
The correct answer is A. To find the value of the stock at the end of Tuesday, you must first find the value at the end of Monday. 12% of $50 = 0.12 x $50, which equals $6. That means the stock’s value was $50 + $6 or $56 at the end of Monday and the beginning of Tuesday. The 5% decrease on Tuesday would be based on the starting value of $56. 5% of $56 = 0.05 x $56, which equals $2.80. The value at the end of Tuesday would be $56 - $2.80 or $53.20.
Science - Physical Sciences
What kind of elements make up most of the human body?
- Alkali metals
- Transition metals
The correct answer is B. Most of the elements that make up the human body are nonmetals on the Periodic Table such as hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, carbon, calcium, phosphorus, etc…
Social Studies - People in Societies & Geography
In 1947 Indian and British leaders agreed to partition the country into India and Pakistan. This occurred in direct response to:
- India’s support of Britain in World War II.
- the Indian National Congress’s request for independence from British rule.
- the nonviolent civil disobedience campaign led by Mohandas Gandhi.
- the violence between Hindus and Muslims.
The correct answer is D. In 1946 British leaders agreed to grant India independence if Indian political leaders could agree on a form of government. There were major differences between the Muslim League, and the Indian National Congress, which was mostly Hindu. Violence broke out between the Muslims and Hindus. Indian and British leaders agreed to partition the country into India and Pakistan in an effort to end the violence between the Hindus and Muslims. The intent was that India would be for Hindus, and Pakistan would be for Muslims.
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